Funds


What we do

We structure funds both onshore and offshore for German institutional investors, including both the legal implementation of fund concepts as well as the due diligence for regulated investors. We implement fund structures and provide both legal and tax support. We have decades of experience in advising regulated investors on their specific regulatory requirements.

Our Experience:

  • Advisory and consulting services for a German fund sponsor on the setup of a Luxembourg RAIF investing in the US for professional and semi-professional investors
  • Assisting a Luxembourg RAIF regarding the NAV calculation for a joint-venture investment under consideration of deferred taxes in Germany
  • Advise on responsibility regarding preparation of annual financial statements of a SICAV SCS: AIFM vs. General Partner
  • Legal requirements on cross-border delegation regarding portfolio management
  • Legal advice regarding liability risk for a member of an advisory committee in an English limited partnership

News


Funds and Products
November 4, 2021

The German Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht, “BaFin”) published a draft of the revised Marketing FAQs for consultation on August 12;, 2021. These amendments serve to adapt the Marketing FAQs to the changed legal framework following the entry into ... (more)

October 26, 2021

Since the end of 2017, the Council of the European Union has been drawing up a so-called blacklist of non-cooperative tax states. It started as a so-called "name and shame" list, but otherwise had no impact. This changed: the Council ... (more)

September 10, 2021

On August  2, 2021, article 1 of the Act to Strengthen Germany as a Fund Domicile became law. Among other things, this amended the regulations of the German Investment Code on the granting of loans by real estate funds to real ... (more)

Finance


What we do

We provide legal and tax advice on financing issues arising in connection with real estate credit financing and structured hybrid financing. We also advise on asset-based finance and project finance.

Our Experience:

  • Legal and tax due diligence of an investment in aircraft financing for a debt fund
  • Legal structuring of a hybrid financing instrument under Solvency II principles
  • Legal structuring of a hybrid financing instrument under the German Investment Ordinance for German insurance companies
  • Tax and insurance regulatory advice on the acquisition of an Italian solar park via a promissory note or debenture bond.
  • Financing structures of multi-tiered Luxembourg Real Estate Funds
  • Legal and tax due diligence of a syndicate participation of a credit fund

News


Finance
June 28, 2018

The German Federal Ministry of Finance published a new draft letter on the application of the Investment Tax Act 2018. In our beinformed we shed some light on the following points: Partial exemption and duties of investors, eligible exchanges and ... (more)

March 8, 2017

According to the business magazine FOCUS, Bödecker Ernst & Partner is one of Germany's top tax firms for 2017. The editorial team assessed this on the basis of a survey of more than 9,000 tax advisors and auditors asking which ... (more)

June 21, 2016

The German Federal Tax Court has decided in its judgement dated December 16, 2015 that a factor’s liability for the VAT in a factored debt does not cease with the surrender of the proceeds of the debt collection to the original ... (more)

Real Estate and M&A


What we do

We advise on all legal and tax issues in connection with real estate. We advise real estate funds regulated under the German Investment Code as well as foreign non-regulated funds on the structuring of domestic and foreign acquisitions.

Our Experience:

  • Tax structuring advice for the acquisition of a majority stake in a Portuguese property holding company for a German tax-exempt investor via its Luxembourg regulated investment vehicle
  • Advising on the allocation of real estate transfer tax on German real estate to a Luxembourg sub-fund
  • Assessing the risk of active entrepreneurial management as part of the investor’s due diligence of a German real estate fund
  • Regulatory and tax consulting services for a fund sponsor on establishing a Luxembourg AIF as an asset pooling vehicle for a German corporation under public law
  • VAT consulting on investment advisory services to a Luxembourg alternative investment fund investing in German real estate
  • Legal and tax due diligence of a US real estate fund for a German occupational pension scheme (Versorgungswerk) including side-letter negotiations
  • Structuring of a Luxembourg AIF for German institutional investors investing in US real estate

News


Real Estate and M&A
December 6, 2019

In its judgement of May 22nd, 2019 (I R 11/19) the German Federal Tax Court decided that in certain cases the German controlled foreign company (CFC) taxation may violate EU law. The judgement concerned controlled-company income from invested capital (so called Zwischeneinkünfte mit ... (more)

August 13, 2019

On July 31st, 2019, the German federal government published its bill amending the Real Estate Transfer Tax Act. In particular, the draft contains new regulations for the long-discussed tightening of the taxation of share deals with the real estate transfer tax. ... (more)

November 26, 2018

Most of the recently enacted German double tax treaties include a clause for real estate-rich companies in the article on capital gains. Under this clause, capital gains from the alienation of shares deriving more than 50 percent of their value from ... (more)

Treasury


What we do

We advise corporate treasurers on capital investments in connection with cash and investment management.

We will gladly provide you with further references.

Our Experience:

  • Advice on a liquidity portfolio investment in a fund vehicle investing in supplier's short-term credits (Supply Chain Finance)
  • Advice on outsourcing/covering of pension liabilities
  • Advice on tax treatment of hedging instruments
  • Advice on tax accounting of income from investment funds and special-investment funds pursuant to the German Investment Tax Act 2018 and processing of such income in the annual tax returns of institutional investors
  • Advice on tax issues in securitization projects

News


Treasury
April 15, 2021

The (EU) 2016/1164 Directive dated July 12, 2016, and the (EU) 2017/952 Directive dated May 29, 2017 (EU Anti-Tax Avoidance Directives or ATAD 1 and ATAD 2), should already have been enacted into national law respectively by December 31, 2018, pursuant to Article 11 ATAD 1, and ... (more)

September 23, 2019

Whether the lump-sum taxation in accordance with section 6 of the German Investment Tax Act 2004 (GITA 2004) violates EU or constitutional law in the absence of the tax bases in accordance with section 5 of the GITA 2004 has ... (more)

September 4, 2019

In late July, the German federal government published a draft bill on additional tax incentives for electromobility and amendments to other tax provisions. It is basically the omnibus law to be adopted every year (previously referred to simply as the ... (more)

Insurance


What we do

We advise insurance companies and other regulated investors on tax and regulatory issues on their investments.

Our Experience:

  • Advisory and consulting services on the setup of a Luxembourg Specialized Investment Fund (SIF) in the legal form of an S.C.S. for bundling a German insurance company's capital investments (review and revision of legal documentation, e.g. S.C.S. Agreement, Offering Memorandum of the fund, AIFM Agreement, Depository Agreement, Register and Transfer Agency Agreement, Domicilation Agreement etc.)
  • Legal advice regarding liability risk for a member of an advisory committee in an English limited partnership
  • Advice on pooling of capital investments in Luxembourg and German vehicles for several insurance companies in connection with the asset classes of infrastructure, real estate and private equity
  • Tax Due Diligence of an investment by a German Insurance Group in a world-wide investing IT-Infrastructure Fund
  • Advising a pension fund on the VAT status regarding collection of pension contributions

News


Insurance
October 26, 2021

Since the end of 2017, the Council of the European Union has been drawing up a so-called blacklist of non-cooperative tax states. It started as a so-called "name and shame" list, but otherwise had no impact. This changed: the Council ... (more)

September 10, 2021

On August  2, 2021, article 1 of the Act to Strengthen Germany as a Fund Domicile became law. Among other things, this amended the regulations of the German Investment Code on the granting of loans by real estate funds to real ... (more)

April 15, 2021

The (EU) 2016/1164 Directive dated July 12, 2016, and the (EU) 2017/952 Directive dated May 29, 2017 (EU Anti-Tax Avoidance Directives or ATAD 1 and ATAD 2), should already have been enacted into national law respectively by December 31, 2018, pursuant to Article 11 ATAD 1, and ... (more)

International Taxation


What we do

We advise on cross-border investments and the structuring of international funds.

Our Experience:

  • Tax due diligence for an investment in a real estate fund under Luxembourg ATAD 2/DAC 6
  • Tax and legal (insurance regulatory) structuring of a Luxembourg real estate fund investing in US real estate
  • Tax Due Diligence for an investment of a German Pension Fund in Japanese residential properties via a Luxembourg AIF
  • Tax advice for a Luxembourg holding concerning an exemption procedure pursuant para. 50d Income Tax Act
  • Determining the place of management upon cross-boarder outsourcing of portfolio management
  • Determination of the application of the double tax treaty between Luxembourg and the United States to a Luxembourg securisation vehicle
  • Treatment of interest for crossborder shareholder loans granted to German partnership

News


International Taxation
October 26, 2021

Since the end of 2017, the Council of the European Union has been drawing up a so-called blacklist of non-cooperative tax states. It started as a so-called "name and shame" list, but otherwise had no impact. This changed: the Council ... (more)

April 15, 2021

The (EU) 2016/1164 Directive dated July 12, 2016, and the (EU) 2017/952 Directive dated May 29, 2017 (EU Anti-Tax Avoidance Directives or ATAD 1 and ATAD 2), should already have been enacted into national law respectively by December 31, 2018, pursuant to Article 11 ATAD 1, and ... (more)

August 17, 2020

The Fiscal Court of Berlin-Brandenburg has ruled in its decision from November 2nd, 2019, that a corporation having its place of business management located outside of Germany can create a per- manent establishment in Germany, solely by providing a German ... (more)

Compliance for Funds


What we do

We advise investment companies, financial service providers and foreign funds on all legal and tax compliance.

Our Experience:

  • Defining the role of an AIFM as compared to that of a general partner of an investment management company under the AIFMD and German Investment Code
  • Supervising and monitoring the audit of several foreign real estate and private equity funds
  • FATCA support, e.g. classification of investment products, and related legal advice
  • Eligibility of shareholder loans as an investment pursuant § 285(3) sentence 2 of the German Capital Investment Code and criteria of the 50 % threshold of § 285(3) sentence 2 of the German Capital Investment Code
  • Regulatory analysis of an investment pool (German Capital Investment Code, German Banking Act)
  • Changes to the ManRegs of Lux FCP SIF to meet requirements for "Spezial-Investmentfonds 2018"
  • Advised management companies, portfolio managers and investment advisors on marketing and authorization requirements and procedure (with or without application of the EU passport regime, including notification procedures)

News


Compliance for Funds
December 13, 2019

On November 29, 2019, the so-called Annual Tax Act 2019 passed the German Bundesrat (upper house) and is expected to be enacted before the end of this year. The Act introduces, inter alia, the requirement to capitalise fund structuring costs, ... (more)

December 6, 2019

In its judgement of May 22nd, 2019 (I R 11/19) the German Federal Tax Court decided that in certain cases the German controlled foreign company (CFC) taxation may violate EU law. The judgement concerned controlled-company income from invested capital (so called Zwischeneinkünfte mit ... (more)

September 23, 2019

Whether the lump-sum taxation in accordance with section 6 of the German Investment Tax Act 2004 (GITA 2004) violates EU or constitutional law in the absence of the tax bases in accordance with section 5 of the GITA 2004 has ... (more)